Patterns of dopamine overflow in mouse nucleus
accumbens during intracranial self-stimulation

Yavich L, Tiihonen J.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology,
University of Kuopio, Finland.
Neurosci Lett 2000 Oct 20; 293(1):41-4


Dopamine (DA) overflow in the mouse nucleus accumbens during intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) of the median forebrain bundle was estimated by chronoamperometry with removable carbon fibre electrodes. The specificity of the voltammetric signal was confirmed pharmacologically. The parameters of stimulation (50 Hz, 0.5 s train length) allowed us to obtain measurable DA release and to maintain ICSS. Continuous (CR) and fixed-ratio (FR8) schedule of reinforcement showed differing correspondence of the patterns of DA release with the patterns of stimulation/nose-poking. The CR schedule induced a high rate nose-poking and tonic increase in dopamine overflow, which became decreased following the first periods of self-stimulations. The FR schedule induced stable peaks of DA overflow during the entire period of ICSS. We conclude that the availability of a readily-releasable pool of DA in presynaptic terminals determined the pattern of dopamine overflow in the nucleus accumbens during ICSS in mice.
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