Berridge KC, Robinson TE.
Department of Psychology,
University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1109, USA.
Trends Neurosci. 2003 Sep;26(9):507-13
ABSTRACTAdvances in neurobiology permit neuroscientists to manipulate specific brain molecules, neurons and systems. This has lead to major advances in the neuroscience of reward. Here, it is argued that further advances will require equal sophistication in parsing reward into its specific psychological components: (1) learning (including explicit and implicit knowledge produced by associative conditioning and cognitive processes); (2) affect or emotion (implicit 'liking' and conscious pleasure) and (3) motivation (implicit incentive salience 'wanting' and cognitive incentive goals). The challenge is to identify how different brain circuits mediate different psychological components of reward, and how these components interact.Pleasure
The neurobiology of pleasure
Human wireheads: chronic implants
Sports cars and the pleasure centres
The Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
Human wireheads: compulsive self-stimulation
Therapeutic brain stimulation for affective disorders
The Hedonistic Imperative
MDMA/Ecstasy: Utopian Pharmacology
When Is It Best To Take Crack Cocaine?