Neuroendocrine and behavioral effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a psychopathological animal model are suggestive of antidepressant-like effects
Keck ME, Welt T, Post A, Muller MB, Toschi N,
Wigger A, Landgraf R, Holsboer F, Engelmann M.
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry,
Neuropsychopharmacology 2001 Apr; 24(4):337-49
ABSTRACTThe neuroendocrine and behavioral effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) were investigated in two rat lines selectively bred for high and low anxiety-related behavior. The stimulation parameters were adjusted according to the results of accurate computer-assisted and magnetic resonance imaging-based reconstructions of the current density distributions induced by rTMS in the rat and human brain, ensuring comparable stimulation patterns in both cases. Adult male rats were treated in two 3-day series under halothane anesthesia. In the forced swim test, rTMS-treatment induced a more active coping strategy in the high anxiety-related behavior rats only (time spent struggling; 332% vs. controls), allowing these animals to reach the performance of low anxiety-related behavior rats. In contrast, rTMS-treated low anxiety-related behavior rats did not change their swimming behavior. The development of active coping strategies in high anxiety-related behavior rats was accompanied by a significantly attenuated stress-induced elevation of plasma corticotropin and corticosterone concentrations. In summary, the behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of rTMS of frontal brain regions in high anxiety-related behavior rats are comparable to the effects of antidepressant drug treatment. Interestingly, in the psychopathological animal model repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation induced changes in stress coping abilities in the high-anxiety line only.ECT
ECT versus rTMS
rTMS for depression
rTMS and serotonin 5-HT1a
rTMS, 5-HT2 and beta-receptors
The Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator
rTMS and brain derived neurotrophic factor
rTMS for unipolar depression and bipolar disorder
Negatively reinforcing electrical brain stimulation
The Hedonistic Imperative
When Is It Best To Take Crack Cocaine?